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Orthopaedic surgery : Shoulder Pain & Shoulder Surgery

orthopaedic surgery
orthopaedic surgery

Orthopaedic surgery : Shoulder Pain & Shoulder Surgery

A number of joints, tendons, and muscles make up the bodily part known as the shoulder, which allows the arm to move in a variety of directions. We can bowl a perfect game or reach the top shelf thanks to this system of joints, muscles and tendons. However, if the shoulder is overextended, discomfort could result. Activities of daily living become challenging when your shoulder hurts.

Four common causes of shoulder pain

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons states that a variety of activities can lead to shoulder pain. Bursitis can be brought on by repetitive actions such as wall painting or long distance swimming. Bursae are the tiny sacs filled with fluid that act as a friction-reducing cushion between bones and soft tissues. The cushions can get inflamed and develop into bursitis when the shoulder is utilised excessively. The tendon that connects the muscle to the bone can become inflamed and uncomfortable from overusing the shoulder. Tendinitis is the term for this.

The term “rotator cuff” refers to the complete collection of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint, and it is thought to be the cause of some shoulder pain. It will hurt to move the shoulder if the rotator cuff is impinged or torn. In some circumstances, spurs may form and prevent the rotator cuff from functioning normally.

The head of the upper arm bone may be driven out of the socket when the shoulder is struck during an accident, causing instability. The bones may be shattered in some instances, requiring slings, sprints, or even surgery to fix.

Arthritis, which can gradually erode the shoulder joint and surrounding tissue, is the fourth reason for shoulder pain. In the shoulder joint, arthritis can lead to deterioration and tearing, which can be extremely painful and limit movement.

Four solutions to shoulder pain

Therapy and a change in how the shoulder is used can occasionally relieve shoulder pain. But occasionally, surgery is the best course of action. Some repairs may require arthroscopy. In order to perform this treatment, a tiny lens-and-light gadget is fed via a very small incision to inspect the damage. Then, to do repairs, smaller surgical instruments are inserted. The alternative is open surgery, which involves making larger incisions to finish up repairs or replace the shoulder. In the US, about 53,000 people have shoulder replacement surgery annually.

In general, there are four different kinds of shoulder replacement operations. The first is a total shoulder replacement, in which prosthesis is inserted into the shoulder’s ball and socket surfaces.

A partial shoulder replacement is suitable for some individuals. The native socket is preserved in this treatment, but a prosthetic ball is used in place of the natural one. For a better fit, the socket may occasionally be modified and smoothed.

Shoulder resurfacing might be an option if the damage is not severe. To enable greater joint movement, the injured ball is covered with a smooth, rounded cap during this surgery.

The ball and socket of the shoulder joint can be turned around using this technique. Instead of the upper arm bone, the ball is linked to the shoulder bone. The socket is joined to the bone of the upper arm. With this new configuration, the joint’s centre of rotation is changed, allowing other muscles to fill in for the torn rotator cuff.

Recovering from shoulder pain

For the best results after shoulder replacement surgery, a period of focused physical therapy and wound care is necessary. Staying in a short-term care facility where attentive staff are available around-the-clock to respond to recovery needs is one of the greatest methods to ensure that these needs are satisfied following shoulder replacement surgery or any other medical operation.

Read More : A Short Note on knee replacement