Bone fracture repair: what it is about?
It’s critical that the bone may heal correctly in its original position after suffering a bone break, sometimes referred to as a fracture. A doctor may recommend one of various fractured bone treatments depending on a number of different circumstances. Some of these include the location and the extent of the break. Some of these include the location and the extent of the break. Wearing a cast can help some bones mend, but more invasive procedures, like fixing a bone fracture, may be necessary for others.
Using metal pins, screws, rods, or plates to keep the shattered bone in place, a bone fracture repair is a surgical procedure to fix a broken bone. Surgery involving Open Reduction and Internal Fixation (ORIF) is another name for it.
Purpose: Why is the repair of the fractures carried out?
When casting or splinting alone is ineffective at promoting a broken bone’s correct healing, bone fracture repair is used. Compound fractures, in which the bone sticks through the skin, and fractures involving joints, such as those in the wrists and ankles, can result in improper healing that necessitates ORIF surgery. A person’s functional mobility may be significantly hampered if the bones around the joints cannot be healed.
Preparation: How should we prepare for bone fracture repair?
Share all relevant medical information with your doctor, such as any on-going illnesses or previous operations. You should also disclose to your doctor any over-the-counter medications and supplements that you are using or to which you have allergies.
To see precisely where the bone has shattered, your doctor will also request imaging studies. X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs are a few examples that come to mind. Your medical professional probably advises against eating anything after midnight the day before your surgery. When going to the hospital or surgical centre, you should have a driver who will also be available to transport you home once your procedure is finished.
Risks: Risks associated with bone fracture repair
This operation has very few complications. Included in these issues could be:
- an allergic reaction to anaesthesia
- blood clots
By being completely honest about all of your medical conditions and prescriptions, as well as by carefully adhering to your doctor’s post-operative instructions, you can reduce your chance for complications. This may include guidelines for maintaining a dry, clean dressing.
Procedure: How bone fracture repair is performed.
It may take many hours to perform a bone fracture repair procedure. A local anaesthetic may be used to numb just the broken limb, rather than general anaesthesia that would put you to sleep throughout the procedure.
In order to use a plate and screws, the surgeon may need to make an incision above the fracture site. In order to support and mend a fracture, he may make an incision at the end of a long bone and insert a rod along the inside of the bone.
Following that, the broken bone is put back together. To hold the bone in position, your surgeon may use metal rods, screws, pins, or plates. Both of these options are possible.
If your bone was broken up into pieces after your initial injury, your doctor might suggest a bone graft. During this process, the missing bone is replaced with bone from an unaffected area of your body or from a donor.
The procedure will mend the blood vessels that were harmed as a result of your injury.
Your doctor will use stitches or staples to seal the incision wound after the broken bone has been properly set, and a clean dressing will be applied to it. After the treatment is finished, your wounded limb will probably be placed in a cast.
Follow-Up : After fracture repair
The anticipated length of recuperation for your fracture will be discussed with you by your doctor. It will normally take six to eight weeks to complete this process, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Nevertheless, this period may change depending on the kind and location of the fracture.
You’ll be brought to a recovery room as soon as the treatment is finished. Staff members from the hospital will keep an eye on your temperature, heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure here. You could have to stay in the hospital for the night or longer, depending on the severity of your injuries and the complexity of your surgery, as well as how well you recover.
Following surgery, there will be some discomfort and edoema. Reduced swelling can be achieved by elevating, icing, and resting the broken limb. To relieve your discomfort, your doctor may also recommend painkillers. Call your doctor, however, if after a few days your pain continues to worsen rather than improve.
Instructions on how to take care of your staples or stitches will be provided by your doctor. The surgical site should generally be kept dry and clean. In order to protect the wound until your next appointment, your doctor will frequently cover it with a surgical bandage. At the incision site, some numbness is to be expected; nevertheless, if any of the following symptoms develop:
- foul-smelling drainage
To assist you in strengthening and stretching the muscles around the broken bone, your doctor may also advise physical therapy. This should assist to both speed up the healing process and, hopefully, stop further harm.
Your bones have a lot of blood arteries, despite the fact that it’s common to think of them as solid, solid pieces of material. This can aid in the mending process. Your body will gradually begin to produce fresh blood cell threads, which will ultimately reunite and aid in the bone’s healing process. Despite the fact that the fracture has been fixed, keep in mind that it is still possible for it to occur again.
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