Knee replacement surgery, also known as arthroplasty, involves replacing an unhealthy, worn-out, or damaged knee with an artificial joint. The purpose of a knee replacement is to reduce pain, improve quality of life, and restore the knee joint’s proper function.
Why it is done?
When there is severe knee pain or stiffness, mild but persistent knee discomfort, chronic knee inflammation, and knee deformity, knee replacement surgery may be an option. Although adults or teenagers of any age can be candidates for the treatment, knee surgery is advised for the elderly. An authorization for knee replacement surgery is never based on a patient’s gender, weight, or age.
What Happens During the Surgery?
Once you’ve had either local or spinal anaesthesia. The front of the knee is cut in an 8 to 12-inch slice. The damaged joint component is separated from the bone’s surface, and the surfaces are then shaped to fit a synthetic joint made of metal or plastic. A knee cap or special materials are used to attach the synthetic joint to the thigh, shin, and cap of the knee bones. Together, these joined synthetic components form the joint, which is supported by the nearby muscles and ligaments.
After Surgery Procedure
Passive activities will be required of you in order to restore knee and leg movement. While you are in bed, this support will gently move your knee. By keeping your leg raised, you can lessen the bulge and enhance blood circulation.
Your physical therapy exercises are an essential component of your recovery. Once you get home, you have to carry on with them. After surgery, swelling may develop and last for up to six months. The edema may be caused in part by stiffness. Ice packs applied five times daily for five minutes, together with anti-inflammatory medications prescribed by your doctor, could be helpful.
Your ability to leave the hospital will depend on how soon you heal from the operation. Patients are often released from the hospital 4-6 days following surgery on one knee and 8-10 days after surgery on both joints
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